A Referer is a Culture term for an entity with significantly lower intelligence than a Mind who is able to accurately predict outcomes in complex systems nearly 100% of the time. Such individuals are of special interest to Minds and under constant evaluation. They also aid Minds in decision making and planning.[1]

Field Referers were a subset who actively took part in front line operations instead of merely acting as advisers.[2]

At one point during the Idiran-Culture War, there were 30 to 40 known Culture Referers, out of over 18 trillion people in the Culture.[1]

Known ReferersEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 Consider Phlebas, State of play: one
  2. Consider Phlebas, State of play: two